1689 Baptist Confession: Free Will

The battle between the Sovereignty of God and Man's free will has always been a point of contention between Christians. In one sense, we cannot take credit for anything good in our lives and can only give God glory. I live and it is a result of God's grace! However, we are accountable for evil. Rebelling against God and seeking to live apart from His grace. God will hold us accountable and we will face His judgment. Thanks be to God for the Son of Man! I think the 1689 Baptist Confession gives an excellent summary of the balance between God's sovereignty and man's free will as described in the Bible.

Chapter 9 - FREE WILL

9.1 God has provided the human will by nature with liberty and power to act upon choice; it is neither forced, nor determined by any intrinsic necessity to do good or evil.1
(1) Mat 17:12; Jas 1:14; Deu 30:19
9.2 In his state of innocence, Adam had freedom and power to will and to do what was good and well-pleasing to God;1 but he was unstable so that he might fall from this condition.2
(1) Ecc 7:29
(2) Gen 3:6
9.3 The human race through the fall into a state of sin, has completely lost all ability of will to perform any spiritual good accompanying salvation. In our natural state we are altogether opposed to spiritual good and dead in sin; we are not able, by our own strength, to convert ourselves, or even to prepare ourselves for conversion.1
(1) Rom 6:16,20; Joh 8:31-34; Eph 2:1; 2Co 3:14; 4:3-4; Joh 3:3; Rom 7:18; 8:7; 1Co 2:14; Mat 7:17-18; 12:33-37; Luk 6:43-45; Joh 6:44; Jer 13:23; Joh 3:3,5; 5:40, 6:37,39,40,44,45,65; Act 7:51; Rom 3:10-12; Jas 1:18; Rom 9:16-18; Joh 1:12-13; Act 11:18; Phi 1:29; Eph 2:8-9
9.4 When God converts sinners and transfers them into the state of grace, he frees them from their natural bondage to sin, and by his grace alone he enables them freely to will and to do what is spiritually good.1 Nevertheless, because of their remaining corruption, they do not perfectly nor exclusively will what is good, but also will what is evil.2
(1) Col 1:13; Joh 8:36; Phi 2:13
(3) Rom 7:14-25; Gal 5:17
9.5 Only in the state of glory will our wills be made perfectly and permanently free to do good alone.1
(1) Eph 4:13; Heb 12:23


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