Life, Liberty, and Property

John Locke was an English philosopher mainly in the 1600's. His writings were heavily influential to those who began the American Revolution. He believed mainly in basic rights for all individuals under natural law. Locke had seen the tyranny of religious and political persecution under the monarchy, and found that every time it was useless and needless. He believed that all men had certain rights given to them by God. Locke was influenced heavily by Baptist and Presbyterian ministers who had seen most of the persecution. Locke's sources therefore influenced much of his conclusions. His two main sources of reference were from nature and The Scriptures. These rights were that all men (mankind) have the right to life, liberty, and property (Constitutional Republic).

Our government system was based on the basic philosophy of nature and the basic Theology of God. Now we have a large group of people in our land who hold to a different belief. One where we look to the governing authorities for answers and privileges (Democracy/ Totalitarian). People ask me every now and then about my politics and they are very simple. Every law that should be passed and enforced should have these three principles in mind. As a result, that means the Government would play a very small role in the lives of the citizens. Laws that protect life should be in place. Murder and other life taking or hindering offenses should be in place. Liberty to live in peace is essential. Basically, everyone should "live and let live." Disagree with your neighbor? Tough stuff, they have a right to think how they wish, as long as they don't violate your right to life, liberty, and they respect your property. Property. Not everyone has a lot of property. Some have a lot! Everyone should respect his neighbor's stuff. Laws should protect property. Truly it doesn't matter if the item is land or a toothpick, property should be respected and protected. That is it. The Federal, and even many State and Local governments have gone far beyond these principles when making laws. They no longer protect your life; rather, they encroach on it and dictate many areas in how it should be lived. Liberty? Well, it is shrinking. We have some liberty, but it diminishes from year to year. Property? Ha! we have to pay rent to the local and state governments to keep our property. From land to cars, we are truly paying them rent to keep it. Men and women no longer honor the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, which embody these principles. Rather, they have been distorted to say something they don't say. So for the most part, I guess you can say that I lean toward being a Libertarian. I don't know how far liberty will have to be taken away before people have had enough, but I don't think you can say we are a Constitutional Republic anymore. We have drifted over into a Democracy, which almost always slides into tyranny. 

  • LifeThe present state of existence; the time from birth to death.

  • Liberty 1. Freedom from restraint, in a general sense, and applicable to the body, or to the will or mind. The body is at liberty when not confined; the will or mind is at liberty when not checked or controlled. A man enjoys liberty when no physical force operates to restrain his actions or volitions.
2. Natural liberty consists in the power of acting as one thinks fit, without any restraint or control, except from the laws of nature. It is a state of exemption from the control of others, and from positive laws and the institutions of social life. This liberty is abridged by the establishment of government.3. Civil liberty is the liberty of men in a state of society, or natural liberty so far only abridged and restrained, as is necessary and expedient for the safety and interest of the society, state or nation. A restraint of natural liberty not necessary or expedient for the public, is tyranny or oppression. civil liberty is an exemption from the arbitrary will of others, which exemption is secured by established laws, which restrain every man from injuring or controlling another. Hence the restraints of law are essential to civil libertyThe liberty of one depends not so much on the removal of all restraint from him, as on the due restraint upon the liberty of others.In this sentence, the latter word liberty denotes natural liberty4. Political liberty is sometimes used as synonymous with civil liberty But it more properly designates the liberty of a nation, the freedom of a nation or state from all unjust abridgment of its rights and independence by another nation. Hence we often speak of the political liberties of Europe, or the nations of Europe.5. Religious liberty is the free right of adopting and enjoying opinions on religious subjects, and of worshiping the Supreme Being according to the dictates of conscience, without external control.6. liberty in metaphysics, as opposed to necessity, is the power of an agent to do or forbear any particular action, according to the determination or thought of the mind, by which either is preferred to the other.Freedom of the will; exemption from compulsion or restraint in willing or volition.7. Privilege; exemption; immunity enjoyed by prescription or by grant; with a plural. Thus we speak of the liberties of the commercial cities of Europe.8. Leave; permission granted. The witness obtained liberty to leave the court.9. A space in which one is permitted to pass without restraint, and beyond which he may not lawfully pass; with a plural; as the liberties of a prison.10. Freedom of action or speech beyond the ordinary bounds of civility or decorum. Females should repel all improper liberties.To take the liberty to do or say any thing, to use freedom not specially granted.To set at liberty to deliver from confinement; to release from restraint.To be at liberty to be free from restraint.Liberty of the press, is freedom from any restriction on the power to publish books; the free power of publishing what one pleases, subject only to punishment for abusing the privilege, or publishing what is mischievous to the public or injurious to individuals.

  • Property1. A peculiar quality of any thing; that which is inherent in a subject, or naturally essential to it; called by logicians an essential mode. Thus color is aproperty of light; extension and figure are properties of bodies.
2. An acquired or artificial quality; that which is given by art or bestowed by man. The poem has the properties which constitute excellence.3. Quality; disposition.It is the property of an old sinner to find delight in reviewing his own villainies in others.4. The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying and disposing of a thing; ownership. In the beginning of the world, the Creator gave to man dominion over the earth, over the fish of the sea and the fowls of the air, and over every living thing. This is the foundation of man's property in the earth and in all its productions. Prior occupancy of land and of wild animals gives to the possessor the property of them. The labor of inventing, making or producing any thing constitutes one of the highest and most indefeasible titles toproperty property is also acquired by inheritance, by gift or by purchase.property is sometimes held in common, yet each man's right to his share in common land or stock is exclusively his own. One man may have theproperty of the soil, and another the right of use, by prescription or by purchase.5. Possession held on one's own right.6. The thing owned; that to which a person has the legal title, whether in his possession or not. It is one of the greatest blessings of civil society that theproperty of citizens is well secured.7. An estate, whether in lands, goods or money; as a man of large propertyor small property8. An estate; a farm; a plantation. In this sense, which is common in the United States and in the West Indies, the word has a plural.The still-houses on the sugar plantations, vary in size, according to the fancy of the proprietor or the magnitude of the propertyI shall confine myself to such properties as fall within the reach of daily observation.9. Nearness or right.Here I disclaim all my paternal care,Propinquity and property of blood.10. Something useful; an appendage; a theatrical term.I will draw a bill of properties.High pomp and state are useful properties.11. Propriety. [Not in use.]Literary property the exclusive right of printing, publishing and making profit by one's own writings. No right or title to a thing can be so perfect as that which is created by a man's own labor and invention. The exclusive right of a man to his literary productions, and to the use of them for his own profit, is entire and perfect, as the faculties employed and labor bestowed are entirely and perfectly his own. On what principle then can a legislature or a court determine that an author can enjoy only a temporary property in his own productions? If a man's right to his own productions in writing is as perfect as to the productions of his farm or his shop, how can the former by abridged or limited, while the latter is held without limitation? Why do the productions of manual labor rank higher in the scale of rights or propertythan the productions of the intellect?


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