Christian Catechism – The Church and Her Ordinances
The Church and Her Ordinances
What is the Church of God?
The collective body of believers in the Lord Jesus Christ. – 1 Cor. 1: 2.
How does Christ view his Church?
As his body. He is the head of the body, the Church. – Col. 1. 18.
Are all who profess to belong to the church of God, true members of the body of Christ?
No: they only are true members, who by faith in Christ have become the children of God. – Gal. 3: 26.
Are there to be teachers and ministers in the church?
Yes: the teachers are to preach the word diligently and exhort; but the church is to hear and obey the word. – 2 Tim. 4:2, Tit. 1: 5, Heb. 13.17.
What did the Lord Jesus command concerning baptism?
He said to his disciples: Go ye therefore and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. – Matt. 28:19.
Is baptismessential to salvation?
Christ said, He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved. – Mark. 16: 16.
Who are to be baptized?
All who believe in the Lord Jesus Christ, and are converted unto him. –Acts 2:38 Mark 16:16.
What end does baptism subserve?
It is the outward seal of the incorporation of the believer into the Lord Jesus Christ and his church.
What is the spiritual significance of baptism?
It teaches us that we are buried with Christ by baptism into death; that like as Christ was raised up from the dead, by the glory of the Father, even so we should also walk in newness of life. – Rom. 6: 4-5.
When and by whom was the Lord’s Supper instituted?
By the Lord Jesus himself, in that night when he was betrayed. – Matt. 26: 26-28.
How did he institute it?
With bread and wine. – Luke 22: 19-20, 1 Cor. 11: 23-25,
To what end was the holy supper instituted?
To commemorate the sufferings and death of Christ; as a token ofcommunion with Christ, and communion of believers with each other. –Luke 22: 19, 1 Cor. 11: 25; 10: 16-17.
Is the holy supper to be often commemorated?
Yes: according to the example of the first Christians – Acts 2: 41-42.
Who is to commemorate it?
All who have been baptized; penitents and believers. – Acts 2: 41-42.
What is required of them?
True examination. Let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup. – 1 Cor. 11: 27-28.
What are we thereby to show forth?
We are thereby to show forth the Lord’s death till he come. – 1 Cor. 11: 26.
What did the Lord Jesus do to his disciples, after the supper?
He washed their feet and said: If I, then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye ought to wash one another’s feet. For I have given you an example, that you should do as I have done to you. – John 13: 14-15.