Christian Catechism - Fall of Mankind

The Fall of Man

What was man’s condition, in Paradise, in the garden of Eden?
It was glorious and blessed. – Gen. 1: 27-31.
Was man created good?
Yes: God made man upright – he created man in his own image. – Ecc. 7: 29, Gen. 1: 27.
In what does the image of God consist?
The image of God consists therein, that man is created in righteousness and true holiness. – Eph. 4: 24.
Did Adam and Eve abide in that blessed condition?
No: they sinned and fell away from God, they and all their posterity. – Rom. 5: 12-19.
By what act did our first parents sin towards God?
They did eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which God prohibited, and said, thou shalt not eat thereof; for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. – Gen. 2: 17, Chap. 3: 3.
What induced them to commit this sin?
An evil spirit, called the serpent, deceived them. – Gen. 3: 4-13.
Who is the serpent?
It is the devil, or satan, who is a murderer from the beginning, and abode not in the truth. – Rev. 12: 9, John 8: 44.
By what did Satan deceive them?
He said: ye shall not surely die – ye shall be as gods, knowing good from evil. – Gen. 3: 4-5.
Why did they so readily believe?
They had a desire to be made wise, and be like unto God. – Gen. 3: 6.
What were the consequences of Adam’s transgressions?
That he, and all his posterity are subjected to sin, and death. – Rom. 6:12.
What kind of death passed upon Adam, and his posterity?
Spiritual and temporal death: the body must die, and return to earth; and man is made wholly incapable to do any good and is subject to eternal punishment. – Gen. 3:19, 2 Cor. 3: 16, Rom. 5:16.
What happened to Adam’s posterity?
All flesh bad corrupted his way upon the earth, so that the Lord had to destroy them from the earth. – Gen. 6: 12-13.
Is there none on earth without sin?
That which is born of flesh, is flesh. None is without sin, except the Son of God, who was conceived by the Holy Ghost. – John 3: 6, Luke 1: 35, Heb. 7:26.
What do we learn from this?
From this we may learn that by nature we are prone to evil, and are children of wrath; and hence being convinced of our misery, we must seek God’s grace and mercy. – Eph. 2: 2-3.

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